What is a cataract?

cataract_01A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts usually start as a slight cloudiness that progressively grows more opaque. As a cataract becomes more dense, the retina receives less light. The light that does reach the retina becomes increasingly blurred and distorted, causing gradual impairment of vision. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of cataracts, it is important for you to schedule an appointment with one of our eye doctors for a thorough eye examination.

If left untreated, cataracts can cause blurred vision and can interfere with your ability to function in daily activities. At Apple Hill Eye Center in York, PA, our ophthalmologist, Dr. Olkowski, has the technology and training in microsurgical techniques that permit cataracts to be removed safely and in an outpatient setting. An artificial lens will be implanted during cataract surgery to help restore vision. The recovery from cataract surgery is quick and virtually pain free.

What Causes Cataracts?

Cataracts may be caused by:

  • The development of cataracts is a normal part of aging, and is a result of natural changes in the lens that coincide with other changes in the body.
  • Sometimes cataracts can result from an injury to the eye.
  • Some infants are born with congenital cataracts, and occasionally, cataracts can develop in children.
  • Other Causes. Cataracts can also develop due to the use of certain drugs or medications, exposure to harmful chemicals, excessive sunlight and some diseases. It is recommended that you wear glasses with a UV coating when outdoors to block the UV light from the sun.

Cataract Symptoms

Most individuals with cataracts have one or more of the following symptoms:

  • A gradual deterioration in vision
  • Objects may appear yellow, hazy, blurred or distorted
  • Reduced vision at night or in low light conditions
  • Reduced vision in bright light or sunshine due to glare
  • Seeing haloes around bright lights at night

Effect of Cataracts

Since cataracts can cause a blurring or distortion of vision as well as decreased vision in low light conditions, they can have a dramatic impact upon one’s lifestyle.

Contact the team at Apple Hill Eye Center to discuss your individual situation and the best treatment for you.

For more information on the causes of cataracts, visit this website.